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Types of Mattresses

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When you prepare to shop for a new mattress you will no doubt be inundated with a litany of different mattress types and choices. There is no “best” type of mattress. Each type will offer a unique feel, and its own set of pros and cons. Your situation, sleep preferences, and other needs will help you determine which mattress type is best suited for you.

Continue reading for our mattress types guide below. Or you need a more comprehensive guide on the shopping process check out our mattress buying guide.

Innerspring Mattresses

Innerspring mattresses are the traditional type of mattress. Chances are you probably slept on one growing up, and may even be now. These mattresses use one or more layers of metal coils to provide support and comfort. The coils are generally crafted from steel for durability. The coils within an innerspring mattress can be wrapped with foam for enhanced comfort. Coil count can vary, but generally a higher coil count will result in more even support and greater pressure relief.

Example:  Saatva

Innerspring mattress - Saatva

Innerspring mattress – Saatva

Memory Foam Mattresses

Memory foam was developed by NASA in the 1960s and became fully commercialized in the sleep industry by the mid 1990s. Memory foam mattresses are known for their amazing support and pressure relief. However, they are also known for absorbing heat, which can mean they become uncomfortably warm during the night. Memory foam mattresses allow you to sink into the foam, contouring to your body. They have a slower response time, meaning once it has conformed to your shape it will take longer to change shape if you move.

Example: Essentia

Memory foam mattress - Essentia mattress (high-end all natural memory foam)

Memory foam mattress – Essentia mattress (high-end all natural memory foam)

Latex Foam Mattresses

Latex foam mattresses offer great support, comfort, and cooling. They are very breathable and do not absorb as much heat as memory foam, making them a better option for reducing heat build up for many sleepers. Additionally, latex has a much faster response time than memory foam. As you move during your sleep the latex foam is constantly and quickly changing to your new shape and position.

Example:  DreamFoam Bedding Freedom

Latex foam mattress - DreamFoam Bedding Ultimate Dreams

Latex foam mattress – DreamFoam Bedding Ultimate Dreams

Hybrid Mattresses

As the name suggests, hybrid mattresses blend different mattress types to create a “best of both worlds” scenario. Latex and memory foam hybrids are among the most popular hybrid types, as they combine the great comfort, cooling, and responsiveness of latex with the support and pressure relief of memory foam. Other hybrid mattress types exist that combine traditional innerspring coils with varying foams.

Example:  Leesa

Hybrid mattress - Leesa mattress (latex & memory foam hybrid)

Hybrid mattress – Leesa mattress (latex & memory foam hybrid)

Adjustable Beds

Adjustable beds allow you to change the elevation and shape of the mattress in various places. Generally the back inclines and the feet elevate. This position puts your body in an optimal sleep position, allowing for better breathing, blood flow, and reduced back pain. Many foam mattresses can be placed on top of an adjustable foundation. However, you should check with the mattress manufacturer to ensure that mattress is compatible with an adjustable foundation.

Example:  Leggett & Platt (note: this is just the foundation, you’ll still need a mattress)

Adjustable bed foundation - remember, you'll still need a mattress to go on top

Adjustable bed foundation – remember, you’ll still need a mattress to go on top

Pillow Top Mattress

Pillow top mattresses can come in varying forms. The defining characteristic is the plush pillow top covering on top of the mattress. The pillow top is generally sewn into the top layer of the mattress. Pillow tops help to add extra support and cushion. You’ll find pillow tops atop innerspring, memory foam, latex, hybrids, adjustable beds, and more mattress types.

Example:  Keetsa Pillow Plus

Pillow top mattress - Keetsa pillow top

Pillow top mattress – Keetsa pillow top

Air Mattresses

Air mattresses utilize air instead of coils or foam to provide support and comfort. You’ll find air mattresses of varying quality levels, from inexpensive and easily storable for vacation or guests, to high-end models that resemble traditional mattresses. The greatest benefit of the air mattress is the level of customization. You can easily adjust the inflation levels to zero in on an exact firmness level that best suits your body.

Example:  Serta Raised Air Mattress

Air mattress - Serta Raised air mattress

Air mattress – Serta Raised air mattress


Waterbeds have been around since the 1970s, but have made major improvements over the last 40 years. As the name suggestions, waterbeds use liquid (generally water) to provide support and comfort. Higher end water beds now more closely resemble traditional mattresses in support and comfort. While lower end waterbeds can still be difficult to maintain, newer models have resolved many of the historic problems of the waterbed (leaks, maintenance, etc.)

Example:  InnoMax Sanctuary

Waterbed mattress - InnoMax waterbed

Waterbed mattress – InnoMax Sanctuary waterbed

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